There are many varieties of decorative St. John's Wort. Among them are mulberry, mozersky, black, elegant and others. All of them multiply easily by seeds, absolutely unpretentious to soil and growing conditions, because most of them are "children" of wild nature, but there are also varieties( hybrids) created by gardeners and breeders.
Still, the most valuable of all known species is St. John's wort, as it has medicinal properties, which the ancient Romans also knew. This plant among 20 other medicinal herbs was discovered during the excavation of the ancient Slavonic settlement of Biskupin, which existed 2500 years ago. In Russian folk medicine, St. John's wort, like ginseng in Chinese, was an integral part of many medicines. It is not by chance that the popular names of this plant are associated with its healing power - the swallow, the potion of Saint Ivan. As in Russian - the second word of the name is not accidentally spilled. After all, this plant leaves with numerous translucent light, similar to holes, and black point glands. They are easy to see if you consider the leaves to light. They are dispersed throughout the plate and are containers of essential oil. It is also in flowers. In the herb of St. John's wort contains hypericin and products of its biological synthesis, which have antibacterial activity, as well as flavonoids, vitamin PP, carotene, tar and tannins.
In medical practice, this St. John's wort is used as a disinfectant, astringent, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic. From it, an antibiotic, imatin, was obtained. On sale there are ointments on its basis for the treatment of wounds, burns, ulcers, abscesses, furunculosis.
A similar kind of medicinal properties is possessed by another species - St. John's wort. Its impurities are allowed in medicinal raw materials. Its distinctive feature is the tetrahedral( with 4 clear ribs) hollow stem. Leaves with rare translucent points, and sometimes without them.
In St. John's wort, several high( 30-100 cm) erect erect, dense, cylindrical stems with two longitudinal facets. Leaves opposite, sessile, oval, at the apex obtuse, entire. St. John's wort blooms puffed golden-yellow flowers from June to August, collected in a broad-clustered, almost corymbose inflorescence. Petals oblong, smooth or slightly serrate at the margin. Unusual and beauty give the flowers numerous( 50-60) stamens, arranged by bundles, and one pestle with a three-cavity upper ovary and three bent columns. Seeds are brown, very small.
This St. John's wort should not be confused with other wild-growing non-healing species, for example, hunter with a rough stalk, which has a pubescent stalk, and do not allow extraneous impurities in the raw material. The grass is harvested during flowering( until the appearance of immature fruit).Lower, coarse stems are discarded. Dry in lofts, under canopies, in well-ventilated rooms or dryers at a temperature of no higher than 40 ° C.Raw materials are considered ready when the stems become brittle.
St. John's wort is found in mixed forests, bushes, on dry meadows, fields, and also near roads. Recently, plantations of medicinal herbs, including St. John's wort, have been laid. Everyone can acquire this useful plant. It is believed that it helps from 99 diseases and does not interfere with any collection. You can simply brew it like tea or prepare various drugs. For example, with increased irritability, insomnia, neuralgia and neurasthenia, 1 st. Spoon the herbs pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 15 minutes, filter and drink for 1/4 stack.3 times a day. Decoction can be replaced with infusion.
Rheumatic diseases are treated with the following drug: 10 g of dry herb( in one spoonful of 6.6 g) is poured into a glass of boiling water, covered for 1 hour, filtered. Take 1 tbsp.spoon 2-4 times a day after meals. You can make a tincture of St. John's wort on vodka or 40% alcohol( 1: 5).Take 30 drops with water 3 times a day after meals. A teaspoon of tincture or broth is bred in 1/2 cups of water and used for rinses with bleeding gums, bad breath, as well as thrush and gingivitis. Grasses of St. John's wort treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, colitis, diarrhea, liver, gall bladder, soothe the headache, heal wounds, ulcers, stop blood( including uterine bleeding).
For treatment of wounds, ulcers and burns, as well as diuretic and stimulating activity of the heart, the remedy uses St. John's wort oil. It is made from fresh flowers, 40% alcohol( 1 part each) and sunflower oil( 2 parts). The mixture is insisted for 3 days, then water and alcohol are evaporated on low heat. The oil is filtered hot through a cotton-gauze dressing. There is another recipe: one part of the St. John's wort powder is poured with two parts of olive oil, insist in a dark place for 2-3 weeks, filter. Bandages with hunter's oil are applied to the burned places.
You can advise and other methods of preparation of medicines. But you can not tell about everything.
Not should be forgotten, however, that it is NUCLEAR, and it is necessary to apply it( especially inside) with caution, in no case exceeding the specified doses.