If you had the idea of creating your own fruit garden at home, and you wanted to grow a banana, you should think again. After all, this plant in its adult state reaches six meters in height. There are also dwarf forms, but they only grow and do not bear fruit. And for a real banana you need to create a number of conditions. First, you must have such a high place to grow it. Secondly, the banana is a heat-loving plant and needs a constant and stable temperature of 25-30 degrees and an air humidity of about 70%.And third, he loves the light. If you can create these optimal conditions for its growth, then you can safely embark on its cultivation.
Do not even try to grow a banana from seeds on your own, you will not succeed. But there is a fairly simple and alternative solution to how to get out of this situation. You just need to go to the botanical garden and buy a banana seed there. Try to immediately acquire the procession higher, thanks to this, you will already have a harvestin the first year. There is an approximate system by which one can say when a banana starts to bear fruit. So an appendix in 20 cm will bear fruit only for the third year of its life, and an appendix in 70 cm already in the first year.
Having purchased the appendix, it should be planted in a suitable pot for it and placed near the window. Try not to put it near the window looking west. Watch its growth carefully, if it grows slowly, then additional lighting should be used.
Sprouts height about 20 cm planted in pots up to three liters. Scions over 50 cm plant in a container of up to 20 liters. As the plant grows, it should be transplanted into more spacious containers. Immediately plant the plant in a large container should not, as it may simply die. It is not known why this happens, but practical experience confirms this.
The fruit of the banana will only start when it has 13-17 large sheets. In the midst of them begins to appear small in the beginning a bud of violet-reddish shade. As it grows, it stretches out and bananas begin to emerge from it. And the process of their maturation is interchangeable - the upper ripen before the lower ones. Thus, a continuous fruiting of the plant takes place.
The best land for growing this plant at home is considered to be land taken from under the acacia, linden or hazel. The worst in this respect is the land taken from poplar, oak or chestnut.
One liter of humus or biohumus, half a liter of wood ash and at least two liters of river sand should be added to the top layer of the earth. It is all poured over with boiling water, or it is calcined in a frying pan. All this is done to kill pathogens in the earth. In the future, for the purpose of prevention, once a couple of months, sprinkle the surface of the earth with tobacco dust, and once in six months, water the plant with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
On the very bottom of the pot, gravel is poured in order to create drainage. Then the river sand is already falling asleep, and only after this - the earth itself. The plant should be planted slightly lower than it grew earlier. That is, just the trunk emerging from the ground should be lower than the previous level. Under the pot with a banana, several smooth stones are laid, since its roots need free access to air.
Every two days it is necessary to loosen the soil. Water should be abundant, but only when the top two centimeters of the soil is completely dry. Water is needed. In general, for all plants without exception, it is necessary to have settled water. The leaves of the plant are sprayed in the summer period daily, and in winter only once a week.
Ashes and biohumus are suitable for feeding. Ashes make at the rate of one tablespoon of ash per liter of water, biohumus - one glass per liter.
And remember, do not leave a banana in drafts, he does not like it.