For a beautiful and mysterious name "spindle" is an unusual plant. Its thin twigs are lined with small evergreen leaves of rounded shape and can have different colors, so the planted spindle will decorate it in the spring, in summer and in autumn. It is noteworthy that this bushy plant is known for many species that are radically different in size and shape of the crown.
What type of spindle should I choose for a garden?
A wide variety of types of spindles allows choosing a plant for growing literally in any conditions.
- Large ciliated;
With good care, they are able to grow up to 8 meters tall, and have a wide, thick crown. Such plants are best planted on the outskirts of the site or as a stand alone plantation in a spacious glade.
Medium-size spindles - Cork and Bunge. They grow up to 5 meters in height, so they also need to be planted as a stand-alone plant, but the whole beauty is that th
In small areas low-growth varieties of spindles are planted - Winged, Warty, Sakhalin and Zybold.
They grow to a height of 2 meters with a crown of 2.5 m and well tolerate shading.
Creeping spindles - Forchuna, Dwarf and Coomban. They do not have trunks, they spread along the ground and with good care form dense evergreen carpet thickets. Forecina prefers to use solar lawns, and it can be used on alpine hills, and the rest well tolerate the shadow and can decorate the near-trunk areas under the trees.
Reproduction methods of spindles
Vegetative propagation is the main way of obtaining young seedlings, although under certain circumstances it is possible to grow them from seeds.
Spindles can be propagated by dividing bushes, cuttings, root offsprings and seeds.
The division of the bush is carried out at any time of the year in cloudy weather, but before the onset of frost. A shovel separates a part of the bush, is dug out and transplanted to a new location. It is allowed to store the separated part of the bush for a while, but the roots should be dipped into a blob and wrapped in a damp cloth and polyethylene.
Cuttings are held from May to July, young, but already gaining elasticity of shoots. Of these, small cuttings with one interstice are cut and planted in a greenhouse in a moist substrate. After a month and a half on the cuttings roots are formed and young shoots appear, and by autumn strong bushes are formed, which for winter needs to be covered with a layer of mulch( 10 cm).In the spring, when warm days are set, the bushes of the spindle are released from the insulation, and as soon as they show signs of growth, the plants are ready for planting in the open ground.
Root sprouts of spindle grass are simply excavated and transplanted to another location. Abundant watering in the first time helps to root the plant, and it quickly takes root.
It is difficult to propagate reproduction sprouts with seeds, therefore this method is used in extreme situations. The collected seeds are stratified for 4 months at a temperature of + 10 ° C, and when their shell begins to burst, the temperature is reduced to + 3 ° C and stored for 3 more months. Sow the seeds in shallow holes in a mixture of leaf land, sand and humus in a 4: 2: 1 ratio. In the summer shoots are watered and fed up with a mullein, and after 2 years they are transplanted to a permanent place.
The spindle is prone to spoilage by caterpillars, aphids and other insects. To protect it from pests, conventional chemicals are used. This will not bring harm to the bushes, especially since the fruits from them are not edible.
During pruning, you need to be careful and work with gloves, since the juice of this plant is toxic.