- What is lactation
- What affects lactation
- Lactation products
- Lactation preparations
What is lactation
Lactation is the production of milk by a female body, under the influence of hormones. Milk production begins by the middle of pregnancy, and ends in an indefinite amount of time after childbirth. The end of lactation after childbirth is uncertain, as for each woman this period is individual: for some mothers, lactation can last 3 years or more, and some do not last a month, as milk production ceases.
What affects lactation
Lactation is the process of milk formation, which is primarily affected by the amount of hormones oxytocin and prolactin. While prolactin helps the body to produce milk, oxytocin helps it flow out.
Also on the quality and quantity of milk produced affect the emotional state of a woman, her diet, alternation of sleep and wakefulness. In addition, the child himself can promote or hinder the production of milk. The more and more a child eats, the
There are several ways to improve the process of lactation and increase its duration. There are special preparations for lactation, which can be purchased at the pharmacy, but they should be used only as a last resort and according to the doctor's prescription, because with improper selection of a remedy, it is possible to completely stop this process or deteriorate the quality of milk.
If the child does not have enough milk, then firstly, it is necessary to adjust the mother's diet. A lactating woman should drink at least 2 liters of fluids per day. You should also follow a diet for moms.
Nursing mother's diet:
- 1. dairy products, at least 250 g;
- 2. curd products, not less than 150 g;
- 3. protein products, not less than 200 g.
Protein products include chicken meat, veal, bovine liver, almost all varieties of fish and more. Among dairy one should give preference to whole milk, and sometimes it can be replaced with yogurt, yogurt. Also, in the mother's diet during lactation must be present hard cheese, processed cheese, cottage cheese.
A full rest, a healthy sleep and outdoor walks will help the mother get more positive emotions, which will necessarily have a good effect on lactation of milk. Mom also should often stay with the child alone, hug, kiss and stroking it. All these actions not only have a beneficial effect on lactation, but also make the child calm and self-confident.
If there is a lack of milk, you should put the baby to the breast more often than usual. Watch for the correctness of the feeding process: the lower lip of the baby, during breast sucking, should be slightly turned outward, and the upper, tenaciously pressing the nipple to the bottom. Massage of the nipple with a baby's mouth stimulates lactation, the more often it happens, the more milk is produced.
Breast massage and baths for her have a positive effect on the production of milk. Massage can be done in the shower by directing a stream of warm water to the chest and making circular motions. You can also massage with your fingers, piercing the chest from the base to the nipple, and then replacing them with circular strokes. Baths consist in immersion of a breast in a container with warm water. Keep the breast in water for 10-15 minutes, while the water temperature should be pleasant for the body, that is, just above room temperature. After taking the tray, you should wrap up your chest, as during lactation it is easy to chill. With special care, you should make baths for lactation after childbirth, as this can harm the breast, because of its adjustment under the influence of a sharp addition of milk.
Only if all of the above methods have not produced the proper result and you are still wondering "what is lactation and why is it weak?" You should consult a pediatrician who will either prescribe special means for lactation or send for examinationto other specialists.
Modern medicine offers a wide variety of teas, for example, lactate, grandmother's basket and biologically active additives, for example, lactogon, apilac used to improve milk lactation. The composition of such drugs include vitamins and lactogonous herbs, which can cause allergic reactions in the child.
Many mothers, for the improvement of the lactation period, prepare their own decoctions of herbs independently, but it is recommended to do this only with the approval of the pediatrician. The most common herb is dill-2 teaspoons of which is poured into one glass of boiling water and insist on a water bath.
Also among the wet nurse are fennel, lemon balm, caraway, nettle and other herbs, which by the way are included in the majority of preparations for lactation. All broths and tinctures of herbs are recommended to take in a warm form, since any warm drink contributes to the production of milk.