Intestinal obstruction is a very serious disease, accompanied by severe pain and vomiting in the child. The cause of it is a violation of the movement of the contents of the stomach to the rectum. Specialists distinguish the congenital form of intestinal obstruction in children and acquired. In most cases, intestinal obstruction requires surgical intervention, but sometimes there is also a dynamic form, for which it is sufficient to perform gastric lavage. It all depends on how much the patient's condition is running: how long it's been since the first symptoms appeared.
Symptoms of intestinal obstruction in children
Intestinal obstruction in children is always associated with severe abdominal pain, they start suddenly and are accompanied by bloating and vomiting. The most severe form of intestinal obstruction is the turn of the intestines, the pains with it intensify so much that the child can not even speak. When the first signs of intestinal necessity appear, it is urgent to hospita
Intestinal obstruction in infants is also accompanied by severe cramping pains, the child becomes restless, constantly cries, his tummy swells, the baby has a long time stool and often there is a strong vomiting.
Causes of bowel obstruction in children
The most common cause of bowel obstruction in infants is invagination - a condition in which one part of the intestine is implanted into another. This is due to the imperfection of the digestive system of the child, as well as the impact of various infections and too early introduction of complementary foods. At palpation the expert can palpate small firm education in an intestine, testifying to presence of disease.
If suspected intestinal obstruction due to intussusception, an X-ray examination of the child is carried out, and, depending on its outcome, a method of treatment is chosen: operative or conservative. Treatment is carried out in a hospital.
Often, intestinal obstruction in children is the result of the appearance of adhesions in the abdominal cavity, due to injuries and surgeries. There are two types of adhesive obstruction of the intestine in children - early and late. The early one appears in the postoperative period, the late one - after a while, it proceeds much more sharply and requires immediate medical intervention.
Causes of Obturation Acquired Intestinal Obstruction in Children
The most common form of intestinal obstruction in children is obturation. Often, the cause of intestinal obstruction in children are worms that accumulate in the intestine and cause it to clog, resulting in the child beginning severe pain, as well as intoxication of the body. In most such cases, a surgical operation is performed to extract helminths.
Obturation intestinal obstruction can occur with constipation due to accumulation of stool. It is not always accompanied by severe pain, but in most cases the child has bloating and vomiting.
Congenital intestinal obstruction in children
Congenital intestinal obstruction is most often the result of a pathology in the development of the digestive tract in a child. However, it is not only various abnormalities in the work of the stomach and intestines, but also abnormalities in the development of other organs that can prevent the passage of stomach contents to the rectum. After the establishment of the reason for the intestinal obstruction, such children undergo an emergency operation. Such patients require careful monitoring and strict monitoring of nutrition in the future.